Anthony De Mello
Brigham Young
Confucius
Dalai Lama
Desmond Tutu
Isaiah
John Calvin
John Huss
John The Baptist
John Wesley
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
Martin Luther
Martin Luther King Jr
Mary Baker Eddy
Mata Amritanandamayi
Moses
Mother Teresa
Osho Rajneesh
Pope John Paul II
Sri Aurobindo
Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
St Francis of Assisi
St Ignatius of Loyola
St Paul
Swedenborg
Zoroaster
 


Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, also called Osho or Acharya Rajneesh, original name Chandra Mohan Jain    (born Dec. 11, 1931, India—died Jan. 19, 1990, Pune, India), Indian spiritual leader who preached an eclectic doctrine of Eastern mysticism, individual devotion, and sexual freedom, while amassing vast personal wealth.

As a young intellectual, Rajneesh visited with and absorbed insights from teachers of the various religious traditions active in India. He studied philosophy at the University of Jabalpur, earning a B.A. in 1955; he began teaching there in 1957, after earning an M.A. from the University of Saugar. At the age of 21 he had an intense spiritual awakening, which inspired in him the belief that individual religious experience is the central fact of spiritual life and that such experiences cannot be organized into any single belief system.

In 1966 Rajneesh resigned from his university post and became a guru (spiritual guide) and a teacher of meditation. In the early 1970s he initiated people into the order of sannyasis, who traditionally renounced the world and practiced asceticism. Reinterpreting the idea of being a sannyasi in terms of detachment rather than asceticism, Rajneesh taught his disciples to live fully in the world without being attached to it.

The first Westerners came to Rajneesh in the early 1970s, and in 1974 the new headquarters of his movement was established in Pune. The basic practice taught at the centre was called dynamic meditation, a process designed to allow people to experience the divine. The centre also developed a diversified program of New Age healing adopted from the West. Rajneesh became well-known for his progressive approach to sexuality, which contrasted with the renunciation of sex advocated by many other Indian teachers.

Rajneesh moved to the United States in 1981 and, the following year, incorporated Rajneeshpuram, a new city he planned to build on an abandoned ranch near Antelope, Ore. During the next few years many of his most trusted aides abandoned the movement, which came under investigation for multiple felonies, including arson, attempted murder, drug smuggling, and vote fraud in Antelope. In 1985 Rajneesh pleaded guilty to immigration fraud and was deported from the United States. He was refused entry to 21 countries before returning to Pune, where his ashram soon grew to 15,000 members.

In 1989 Rajneesh adopted the Buddhist name Osho. After his death his disciples, convinced that he had been the victim of government intrigue, voiced their belief in his innocence and vowed to continue the movement he started. In the early 21st century it had some 750 centres located in more than 60 countries.

John Gordon Melton Bibliography Table Of Contents Help us expand the resources for this topic. Click below to submit new publication for review and accepted updates will be published to the site. Submit a publication

Search for an ISBN number:

ISBN:

Or enter the publication information:

Author Name: Publication Title: Date: Editor: I agree to the Terms and Conditions Websites Table Of Contents External Websites Iloveindia.com - Biography of Osho Rajneesh Submit a Website Name: URL: Description: I agree to the Terms and Conditions
Like